Endodontics is the branch of dentistry that deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of anomalies within the pulp or root. The dental pulp is inside of the channel, which is located in each root of the tooth. The pulp consists of nerves, blood vessels and connective tissue, which plays an important role in developing and maintaining the vitality of the tooth.
Endodontic treatment is carried out when tooth decay has destroyed the tooth deeply under the enamel and dentin inside and came up to the pulp. The penetration of toxins and bacteria cause infection of the pulp, leading to augmentation of the sensitivity of the teeth when biting. If the tooth with inflammation is not treated, it leads to the spread of infection in the bone, creating the tip around of the root. The priority of our dentists is to cure and preserve the tooth and its root, but the therapy requires patience that is often an essential and necessary part in the endodontic treatment of teeth.
To get a better idea on how the endodontic treatment is carried out, here are explained stages of treatment:
1. Before the start of the endodontic treatment is necessary to make a 3D x-ray of the diseased teeth.
2. The therapy is performed under local anaesthesia in order to make the procedure less painful and to make more precise the intervention.
3. Endodontics begins with the removal of the diseased tooth tissue, removal of the inflamed dental pulp with chemical and mechanical cleaning of the root canal in order to remove the bacteria and the infected dentin from the root canal.
4. After the channel expands and shapes, is filled with the biocompatible material to prevent the ingress of bacteria to the tip of the root and reinfection. 5. With the hermetic root canal filling and restoration of the tooth crown is obtained permanent solution of the problem.
The treatment process should not be painful, it just requires more sessions and patience. After the root canal treatment, the tooth surface can be destroyed or the tooth can become dark, for what is advisable to anchor the crown or the bridge. In this manner, the tooth is protected and it maintains its functionality and aesthetics.